Mabuhay! Umay kau ditoy ili mi!
The region of Cagayan Valley, otherwise known as Region 2, is the second largest region in terms of land area. It is
composed of 5 provinces located in the northeastern part of Luzon Island. It is bounded on the north by the Bashi Channel,
on the east by the Pacific Ocean, on the south by Central Luzon, and on the west by Cordillera Region. The eastern and
southern part of the region is dominated by the mighty Sierra Madre mountain range while the western part, the valley of
Cagayan, is mostly flat. Measuring some 80 kilometers at its widest, the valley is drained by the 335-kilometer
Cagayan River, the country's longest, as it flows northward to Babuyan Channel.
The Cagayan Valley Region experiences more climate changes than any other region of the country.
The Batanes group of
islands and northwestern Cagayan province experience Type II climate which is characterize by heavy rainfall from November to January
with no pronounced dry season. The Sierra Madre area or the eastern part of the region has the Type IV climate where rainfall
is more or less evenly distributed throughout the year. Type III climate is experienced by the rest of Cagayan Valley and is
characterized by relative dryness from November to April and rainy throughout the rest of the year.
The people of Region 2 are mostly Ilocanos but the original cultural groups such as the Gaddangs, Ibanags,
Itawis, Yogads, and the Isnegs are still found in the region. Other cultural groups that have made their residence in the
region are the Ifugaos, Bontocs, Apayaos, and Kalingas.
Due to the rich alluvial soil of the Cagayan Valley, Region 2 is a major food basket of the country.
The region is a top producer of rice and corn. Other agricultural products are tobacco, sugarcane, coconut,
and banana. Its mountains is abundant in timber. The Babuyan Channel located north of Cagayan Province is a rich fishing
ground. Fishing is also a source of livelihood of the people in the eastern coastal municipalities. The southern part
of the region, particularly the province of Nueva Vizcaya, has large reserves of minerals and mining is poised
to become a major industry although much opposition to its development is coming from various sectors of the population
especially the indigenous communities. There is also proven reserves of coal in the province of Isabela. One of the
largest dams in Asia, Magat Dam, is found in the region providing not only electricity but water for
irrigation as well. There are many other tributaries of the Cagayan River that are still awaiting development
for electricity and irrigation.
There are no large manufacturing plants in the region except for a sugar mill and some lumber mills that are
still operating. However, the establishment of the Cagayan Economic Zone in the Northeastern part of Cagayan Province has
provided an anchor for the development of manufacturing industries. Tourism in the region is still in its infancy.
Although rich in natural resources, the region has a small contribution to the national economy. In 2007, it
contributed only 2%, lower than neighboring mountainous Cordillera Region which contributed 2.22%.
Economic factsheet of Cagayan Valley Region, 2007
|Gross Regional Domestic Product (in billion pesos at current prices)|
| Total ||116.9||100%|
|Electricity, Gas, and Water||2.7||2.27%|
|Employment Data (figure in thousands)|
|Total Employed ||1,352|
|Unemployment Rate ||2.3%|
|Underemployment Rate ||14%|
Major Tourist spots in Cagayan Valley Region
- Sto. Domingo Church in Basco, Batanes
- Callao Caves in Penablanca, Cagayan
- Cape Engano Lighthouse in Sta. Ana, Cagayan
- Historic town of Palanan, Isabela
- Musuem and provincial capitol in Bayombong, Nueva Vizcaya
- St. Vincent Ferrer Church in Dupax, Nueva Vizcaya
- Maddela and Mactol Caves, Bimmapor Rock Formation in Quirino